What is “TPM” and why do you want Windows 11 running?

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Photo: sdx15 (Shutterstock)

techno.rentetan.com – Furthermore, how to verify that a TPM is in place for your PC. Officially, Windows 11 has been launched this week, and many eager users check whether the upcoming Windows Health Check app will run their PCs. But, despite having new high-end software, some surprise that their PCs are not “ready for Windows 11.”

What is TPM? What is a TPM?

The main source of confusion is the TPM chip, which until now was an unusual hardware requirement. TPMs are a security component which monitors your PC for problems and is able to protect it from potential attacks. You can also securely store local encryption keys, passwords and other sensitive data.

TPMs have long been a “soft” Windows 10 requirement, but Microsoft does make them a “hard” Windows 11 requirement in order to improve the database security of Windows 11 PCs. Users need Windows 11 to run version 1.0 or higher along with a GPU-compatible with DirectX 12; Intel, AMD or Qualcomm CPU supported; 4GB of RAM; and minimum storage volume of 65GB.

Not all must be upgraded

Microsoft wants Windows 11 more resilient than previous versions of Windows to malware, ransomware and other cyber security threats. In order to achieve this goal, TPMs are likely to be no part of the component that users consider when purchasing or building a new PC. That is why some PCs are “not ready for Windows 11” even though the rest of the hardware meets the requirements of Windows 11.

However, without realizing it, many users can already have a TPM. Many (but not all) CPUs released over the last few years have an integrated TPM module, which must be activated in the BIOS settings of your computer. These are disabled by default by Windows and if not active, may not appear when your hardware scans with Windows Health Check. Accessing and allowing your TPM—including the name of the setting to be activated—differs significantly between producers. For the appropriate steps, please consult your CPU or motherboard producer.

What to do if a TPM chip isn’t available

The next way is to buy and install one yourself if you do not have a TPM. Unfortunately, the average user will find it difficult.

A compatible TPM is the first task. Some CPUs can not support TPMs, so do not investigate before you buy one. Or if you can purchase one, scalpers host the TPM chips and sell them at far higher prices than the MSRP. What is usually a component of $14-$30 now costs over $100. This is not as bad as the current market for GPU and CPU, but it doesn’t say a lot.

You must then open your pc and access the motherboard for manual installation if you find a compatible 2.0% TPM at a fair price. For some PCs (especially laptops), this will be a challenge and cannot happen in certain tablets and hybrid devices such as the Microsoft Surface. Research again before you purchase.

You will need to buy or build a computer if you want to upgrade to Windows 11 if you can’t purchase and install a TPM on your current PC. Fortunately, up to October 14, 2025 Microsoft will support Windows 10, and no immediate upgrade pressure. The TPM market—and technology equipment market in general—will probably stabilize long before that and it will not be such an inconvenience to upgrade.